The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) issues Aadhaar that is a 12-digit unique identification number to all residents of India. Residents get this number by providing their biometric and demographic details at the various government-authorized Aadhaar Enrolment Centres. This program was launched by the former prime minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, in 2009.
In April 2010, Nandan Nilekani, who was appointed as the Chairman of UIDAI on June 23rd 2009, launched the logo and the brand name “Aadhaar”. Aadhaar is a Hindi word that means ‘base’ or ‘foundation’. Currently, Mr. Pankaj Kumar is the CEO of UIDAI/Aadhaar. On September 29, 2010, Ranjana Sonawane from Nandurbar district of Maharashtra state became the first Indian to receive the Aadhaar card.
Eligibility for Aadhaar Enrolment
The purpose of issuing Aadhaar to the citizens of India by UIDAI was to provide them with a document that can be used as unique identity proof for various purposes. It is more than just an identification number. However, it is also not only Indians that can apply for Aadhaar.
The eligibility criteria for Aadhaar enrolment are as follows:
- The applicant is an Indian Citizen residing in India, or
- The applicant is a non-resident Indian residing in India, or
- Aadhaar applicant is a foreigner residing in India
Note: Even newborns can enrol for a special type of Aadhaar known as Baal Aadhaar
Aadhaar Card for Resident Indians
Every Indian citizen can apply for an Aadhaar card. Moreover, the Government of India has now made it mandatory for taxpayers to link their PAN with Aadhaar for filing their annual Income Tax Return (ITR).
Aadhaar Card for Minors
Aadhaar enrolment is available even for minors, unlike the voter identification card. To apply for an Aadhaar card for children, you have to provide the birth certificate of the child along with the proof of identity and address of parents. Newborns can also be enrolled for Aadhaar. However, they have to update their biometric data as soon as they turn 5 and 15 years old. The Baal Aadhaar card for children below 5 years is blue in colour.
Aadhaar for Foreigners
An Aadhaar card does not act as proof of Indian citizenship. It just contains various details such as biometric data necessary to identify a person. Thus, foreigners who are residing in India are eligible for Aadhaar even though they are citizens of another country. However, they have to reside in India for more than 182 days in the past 12 months to be eligible for Aadhaar.
Documents Required for Aadhaar Enrolment
At the time of Aadhaar enrolment, you have to submit two documents – Proof of address (POA) and Proof of Identity (POI). According to UIDAI, any of the following documents would be accepted as the proof of identity to apply for an Aadhaar Card.
Here is the list of the documents required for Aadhaar Card:
- Passport of the applicant
- PAN Card
- Ration card or PDS Photo Card
- Voter Identification Card
- Driving Licence
- NREGS Jobs Card
- Photo Bank ATM Card
- Voter Identification Card
- Certificate of birth of the applicant
To apply for a new Aadhaar card or updating details in your Aadhaar card, you can download the form by visiting Aadhar card official website, i.e. https://uidai.gov.in or can visit the nearest Aadhaar enrolment center to submit Aadhar card enrolment form which is free of cost. You need to submit the form along with the supporting documents to initiate the process of Aadhaar enrolment.
Note: In case you want to update details in your Aadhaar card, you need to pay a charge of Rs. 25 at the Aadhaar Enrolment Centre.
How to Apply for Aadhaar Card
Considering the importance of Aadhaar and its various benefits, the next question that arises is – How to get the Aadhaar card? There are systematic protocols and a step by step process which needs to be followed to apply for an Aadhar Card.
The applicant is required to provide the necessary information at the time of Aadhaar enrolment and when such data is verified, the Aadhaar card is generated. You can check the Aadhaar enrolment status online as well.
The step by step application process of the Aadhaar Card is as follows:
Aadhaar Enrolment Centre
- Visit the nearest Aadhaar Enrolment Centre authorised by the UIDAI to apply for an Aadhaar
- Submit your Proof of Identity (POI) and Proof of Address (POA) when applying for an Aadhaar card
- You can also locate Aadhaar Enrolment Centre using the online portal of UIDAI
Fill the Aadhaar Enrollment Form
- Upon visiting Aadhaar enrolment centre, you need to submit an Aadhaar Enrolment form
- This form is free of cost and you can also download it from the UIDAI official website
- After filling the form, you can submit it at your nearest Aadhaar Enrolment Centre
Photograph and Biometric Data Collection
- After the form is submitted, the process of enrolment takes place
- In this method, the photograph, fingerprint scan and iris scan of the individual is taken
- During the enrolment procedure, it is of utmost importance that the individual double-checks all the provided details in the form and make any rectifications if an error is found
- After enrolment, you will now receive an acknowledgement slip that can be used in place till the time you receive the original copy of your Aadhaar card
- The slip contains the enrolment number that can be used to check Aadhar status online as well as through IVR
Dispatch of Aadhaar to the Address of the applicant
- If the Aadhar verification process is successful, you initially receive an SMS or a notification through email
- After that, in a few days, the Aadhaar number gets printed on the Aadhaar Card of the individual and is sent to his/her verified residential address through post
How to Check Aadhaar Application Status Online?
You can check the Aadhaar Card application status online using ‘Enrolment ID’ which is available in the Aadhaar Acknowledgement slip containing the 14-digit enrolment number and 14 digit date and time of enrolment.
However, there are various methods by which you can check your Aadhaar Application Status:
- Through Enrolment ID
- Without Enrolment ID/Acknowledgement Slip
- Using Update Request Number (URN)
- From India Post
How to Verify or Link Mobile Numbers with Aadhaar?
People can link their mobile number with Aadhaar by following one of the three ways:
1. Aadhaar Linking with Mobile Number by visiting the Store – To link your Aadhaar with Mobile Number you can visit the nearest store.
2. Aadhaar Linking with Mobile Number through OTP – People can link their Aadhaar with Mobile through OTP via online mode as well.
3. Aadhaar linking with Mobile Number through IVR
Process to Download or Print e-Aadhaar Card Online
Once the Aadhar card status enquiry shows that your Aadhaar number is generated, it is dispatched to your residential address. However, you can download your Aadhaar online as well. There are various ways through which you can download your Aadhar card. They are using:
- Aadhaar Number
- Name and Date of Birth
- Without Registered Mobile Number
- Enrolment Number (EID)
- Virtual ID
- DigiLocker Account
- Umang App
Note: You can print the downloaded e-Aadhaar card and use it as your original Aadhaar till the original Aadhaar reaches you. The e-Aadhar card is also acceptable at all places.
How to Link PAN with Aadhaar?
The Union Government of India has made it mandatory for people to link their PAN with Aadhaar for filing ‘Income Tax Return’ under the Section 133 AA (2) of the Income Tax Act. As of now, the deadline for linking PAN with Aadhaar card is 31 March 2021.
The ways to link to PAN with Aadhaar are as follows:
- Linking PAN with Aadhaar through the e-filing website
- Linking of Aadhaar Number and PAN via SMS
How to Change Address in Aadhar Card Without Any Address Proof
When you shift to a new city or change your house after marriage, you do not have a valid address proof due to which you can face a lot of problems. However, you can now update your address in Aadhaar card without documents and use it as a valid address proof.
This can be done with the help of Aadhaar Address Validation Letter that is provided by the address verifier. The verifier’s address is updated in your Aadhaar card as well. However, no other details of the verifier are imported to your Aadhaar apart from the address. A verifier can be your relative, friend, family member or landlord whoever is willing to provide you his/her address details.
The process to Link Aadhaar with Bank Account
The Reserve Bank of India made it compulsory for all the bank accounts to be linked with Aadhaar in 2017. However, as per the Supreme Court’s judgement in 2018, it is no longer a compulsion to link your Aadhaar with the bank account.
Even though, if you want to link Aadhaar with Bank Account, the procedure is as follows:
- Link Aadhaar with Bank Account via Internet Banking
- Bank’s Mobile Application
- By Visiting the nearest bank branch
- SMS Service
- Mobile Number
How to Lock/Unlock your biometrics?
Aadhaar acts as the proof of identity and proof of address for the citizens of India which are one of most important documents for availing government related services. However, UIDAI provides the security of your Aadhaar by providing the facility to lock/unlock Aadhaar biometric data online. The ways to lock and unlock your Aadhaar biometric data online are as follows:
- Lock/Unlock Aadhaar Biometric through UIDAI
- Lock/Unlock Aadhaar Biometric via mAdhaar app
Aadhaar Card Benefits
The Government of India issues an Aadhaar number to every Indian citizen which acts as a proof of identity everywhere in the country. There are a range of benefits of having an Aadhaar card, as mentioned below:
Aadhaar is an identity card accepted by all government and non-government organisations even though it is not a citizenship document. It not only has the photograph of the card holder but also contains biometric details like fingerprints and iris image. Aadhaar card also contains a QR code that can be scanned to verify whether the details mentioned in the card are correct or not.
Proof of Address/Residence
Aadhar card contains the residential address of the card holder. It can thus be used as a proof of residence for various governmental as well as non-governmental verification processes. Aadhaar is also considered a valid proof of residence when applying for various financial products like share market investments, mutual funds, home loan, personal loan, credit card, etc. as well as for availing financial services such as filing ITR.
The government has made it compulsory for people to link their bank accounts with Aadhaar to avail subsidies under different schemes. In order to get the subsidy directly in the bank account for schemes such as Pahal, Atal Pension Yojna, kerosene subsidy, school subsidy, food subsidies and others, people have to mandatorily furnish their Aadhaar.
Aadhaar has become a key document along with PAN for opening bank accounts these days. These days banks need only Aadhaar card and PAN to open a bank account for the applicant. Jan Dhan accounts also need Aadhaar of the applicant. However, it is not compulsory to link your bank account with an Aadhar card.
The Income Tax Department has made it compulsory for taxpayers to link Aadhaar to PAN. Aadhaar would now mandatorily be required while paying income tax and filing returns otherwise the ITR application of the taxpayer would not be processed. The deadline for linking Aadhaar with PAN has been extended to 30th June 2020.
Almost all telecom companies provide phone connections after accepting Aadhaar as a proof of identity/address. Once Aadhaar is provided, the connection gets activated in the least possible time.
People have to provide their Aadhaar for getting a new gas connection. In case they want to avail subsidy on their present gas connection, they will have to fill the KYC form and link Aadhaar with their bank account to get subsidy directly in their account under the Pahal (DBTL) scheme.
Using the Aadhar Card, you could earlier complete e-KYC for mutual fund investments as mandated by SEBI. Even though the earlier e-KYC process is no longer operational, the investment account opening process is simplified in case you have your Aadhar card.
Note: The current limit for complete e-KYC for mutual fund accounts is Rs 50,000 per year per fund. To override this limitation, in person biometric verification needs to be completed by the investor.
UIDAI Aadhaar Card Services
- You can download an Aadhaar card online from the official website of UIDAI
- You can check Aadhaar status if your Aadhaar is generated after enrolment or not
- You can easily locate Aadhaar Enrolment/ Update Centre in your area in case you want to visit there to update your details via UIDAI online portal
- If you forget/misplace your Aadhaar/Enrolment number, you can retrieve Lost UID/EID online quite easily
- You can update your Address online by visiting the UIDAI’s portal free of cost
- You can also verify your Aadhaar number of a resident through the online portal
- A resident can lock and unlock Aadhaar biometrics online as well as through the mAadhaar app
- Aadhaar-bank account linking status can be checked by an employee online
- You can track all authentication requests in the past 6 months by checking Aadhaar authentication history
- To protect your aadhaar and provide an added layer of security, you can generate or retrieve your Aadhaar Virtual ID against Aadhaar number
Find more about Aadhaar Card
What is UIDAI?
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) provides a unique identity to every individual residing in India, which now acts as a centre point of most of the government schemes. The organisation works under the central government and has its data centre at IMT Manesar, Haryana.
How to Fill Aadhaar Enrolment/Correction Form?
Applicants have to fill the Aadhaar Enrolment/Correction Form if they want to enrol for Aadhaar or they want to make corrections in their existing Aadhaar. The duly filled Aadhaar card correction/enrolment form should be submitted to process the request.
How to verify your Aadhaar Card?
Aadhaar card verification is done to check whether an Aadhaar is valid or not. To verify Aadhaar, you have to do the following:
Step 1: Visit the UIDAI website and click on “Verify Aadhaar Number” Step 2: Enter the Aadhaar number you want to verify Step 3: Enter the security code Step 4: If the Aadhar number is valid, then the age band, gender, state and last two digits of the registered mobile number of the holder can be seen on the screen Step 5: In case the Aadhaar number is not valid, a message is displayed stating that the Aadhaar number does not exist
What to do if you have lost your Aadhaar Card?
In case you have lost your original Aadhaar card, you can download it online through the UIDAI website, print it and use it as the normal Aadhar card. You can search for an Aadhaar card by name, email and mobile number and download it online. Alternatively, you can install the mAadhaar app on your smartphone and use it in place of your original Aadhaar card.